Generally a combination of psychological, social, and economic factors, along with the mental and physical conditions of the victim and the perpetrator, contribute to the occurrence of abuse.
Approximately 25 percent of teens report experiencing TDV annually (Noonan & Charles, 2009).
Some families are more prone to violence than others because violence is a learned behavior and is transmitted from one generation to another.
In these families, abusive behavior is the normal response to tension or conflict because they have not learned any other ways to respond.
In such cases, the family members have a way of relating to each other that is generally hostile and non-nurturing.
The adult children may have been abused by their parents, and having learned to interact in such a manner, carry it on into the next generation.
Caring for frail older people is a very difficult and stress-provoking task.