In the language of geometry, this pattern is referred to as a semiregular 18.104.22.168 tessellation.The working group headed by Mario Ruben at KIT’s Institute of Nanotechnology was responsible for the tailored selective synthesis and characterization of multinuclear molecular complexes serving as tessellation building blocks.
In Nature Chemistry, researchers of KIT and TUM explain how molecules form complex tessellations through self-organization.
Considerably more and significantly more complex but still regular patterns are possible with two or more tile shapes.
These are the so-called Archimedean tessellations or tilings. Such structures are often associated with very special and desirable properties, for example outstanding electrical conductivity, special light reflection, or extreme mechanical strength.
The team of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and Technische Universität München (TUM) has discovered a reaction path which produces exotic layers with semiregular structures from simple two-dimensional networks.
Such materials are interesting because they often possess extraordinary properties.
“We have discovered a completely new approach to producing complex materials from simple organic building blocks,” Klappenberger and Ruben summarize.